The novel approach to making systems forget data is called “machine unlearning” by the two researchers who are pioneering the concept. Instead of making a model directly depend on each training data sample (left), they convert the learning algorithm into a summation form (right) – a process that is much easier and faster than retraining the system from scratch.
- See! “Summation” first, then details!!!!! What they are really doing is putting things in a fractal structure.
- And they are understanding that many aspects of “old” data have little value.
How ant colonies work
· Ants don’t use central control: All that matters is the rate at which ants meet other ants.
· All systems like this without central control are regulated by using very simple interactions.
· High opportunity cost environment = low competition [regulations –> monopolies]. System stays stop unless something positive happens. [why bureaucracy has low adaptability]
· Low opportunity cost environment = high competition [freedom –> prosperity]. System stays go unless something negative happens. [Adlerian psychology “Are they happy?” “Yes.” Well, let’s leave them alone.”]
Initially, there was plenty of resistance. As one food bank director told Canice Prendergast, an economist advising Feeding America, “I am a socialist. That’s why I run a food bank. I don’t believe in markets… Within half a year of the auction system being introduced, 97 percent of food banks won at least one load, and the amount of food allocated from Feeding America’s headquarters rose by over 35 percent, to the delight of volunteers and donors. – Free Market Food Banks
In a way, this is saying that free markets, and peer 2 peer agreements are more effective than centralized force at allocating resources. Moore’s Law is basically demanding that things get more effective.
One of the surprising things about researching Castpoints is that participants in proto-Castpoints applications report, almost in hushed tones, footnotes, asides, etc., that the interactions are fun. Fun is critically important because…
Standing ovation: Sugata Mitra: Build a School in the Cloud: … evidence from neuroscience. The reptilian part of our brain … when it’s threatened, it shuts down everything else, it shuts down the prefrontal cortex, the parts which learn, it shuts all of that down. PUNISHMENT AND EXAMINATIONS ARE SEEN AS THREATS. We take our children, we make them shut their brains down, and then we say, “Perform.” Why did they create a system like that? Because it was needed. There was an age in the Age of Empires when you needed those people who can survive under threat. When you’re standing in a trench all alone, if you could have survived, you’re okay, you’ve passed. If you didn’t, you failed. But the Age of Empires is gone. What happens to creativity in our age? We need to shift that balance back from threat to pleasure.
I went 300 miles out of Delhi into a really remote village where … I stuck my computer in, I went away, came back after a couple of months, found kids playing games on it.
When they saw me, they said, “We want a faster processor and a better mouse.”
So I said, “How on Earth do you know all this?”
And they said something very interesting to me. In an irritated voice, they said, “You’ve given us a machine that works only in English, so we had to teach ourselves English in order to use it.” (Laughter) That’s the first time, as a teacher, that I had heard the words “teach ourselves” said so casually.
… can Tamil-speaking children in a south Indian village learn the biotechnology of DNA replication in English from a streetside computer? …
The children came rushing, said, “What’s all this?”
So I said, “It’s very topical, very important. But it’s all in English.”
So they said, “How can we understand such big English wordsand diagrams and chemistry?”
So by now, I had developed a new pedagogical method, so I applied that. I said, “I haven’t the foggiest idea.” (Laughter) “And anyway, I am going away.” (Laughter)
So I left them for a couple of months… So a little girl who you see just now, she raised her hand, and she says to me in broken Tamil and English, she said, “Well, apart from the fact that improper replication of the DNA molecule causes disease, we haven’t understood anything else.”… zero to 30 percent in two months in the tropical heat with a computer under the tree in a language they didn’t know doing something that’s a decade ahead of their time…
“Use the method of the grandmother…” [Said to a 22 year old steward] “Stand behind them. Whenever they do anything, you just say, ‘Well, wow, I mean, how did you do that? What’s the next page? Gosh, when I was your age, I could have never done that.’…” So she did that for two more months. The scores jumped to 50 percent. Kallikuppam had caught up with my control school in New Delhi, a rich private school with a trained biotechnology teacher. When I saw that graph I knew there is a way to level the playing field.
And Shawn Achors excellent TED talk:
…if I know everything about your external world, I can only predict 10 percent of your long-term happiness. 90 percent of your long-term happiness is predicted not by the external world, but by the way your brain processes the world… 75 percent of job successes are predicted by your optimism levels, your social support and your ABILITY TO SEE STRESS AS A CHALLENGE INSTEAD OF AS A THREAT… The absence of disease is not health… Your brain at positive is 31 percent more productive than your brain at negative, neutral or stressed. You’re 37 percent better at sales. Doctors are 19 percent faster, more accurate at coming up with the correct diagnosis…
In just a two-minute span of time done for 21 days in a row, we can actually rewire your brain, allowing your brain to actually work more optimistically and more successfully. We’ve done these things in research now in every single company that I’ve worked with, getting them to
- write down three new things that they’re grateful for for 21 days in a row, three new things each day. And at the end of that, their brain starts to retain a pattern of scanning the world, not for the negative, but for the positive first.
- Journaling about one positive experience you’ve had over the past 24 hours allows your brain to relive it.
- Exercise teaches your brain that your behavior matters.
- We find that meditation allows your brain to get over the cultural ADHD that we’ve been creating by trying to do multiple tasks at once and allows our brains to focus on the task at hand.
- And finally, random acts of kindness are conscious acts of kindness. We get people, when they open up their inbox, to write one positive email praising or thanking somebody in their social support network.
Skewing his numbers: because Castpoints is fun, one might expect a productivity increase of over 25% for individuals.
Positive emotions are equally altering our action urges but instead of narrowing them, they broaden our thought and action repertoire so that we can see the big picture and potentially go in many possible directions, not just one direction. – Barbara Fredrickson
At Tekos, the kids run the school.